A currency in the most specific sense is money in any form when in use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins. A more general definition is that a currency is a system of money in common use, especially for people in a nation.

Digital currency is any currency, money, or money-like asset that is primarily managed, stored or exchanged on digital computer systems, especially over the internet. Types of digital currencies include cryptocurrency, virtual currency and central bank digital currency.

Cryptocurrency, sometimes called crypto-currency or crypto, is any form of currency that exists digitally or virtually and uses cryptography to secure transactions. Cryptocurrencies don’t have a central issuing or regulating authority, instead using a decentralized system to record transactions and issue new units.

1.Bitcoin (BTC)

Popular Cryptocurrency

Rank #1
site: bitcoin.org , btc.com , bitcointalk.org
Explorers:blockchair.com/bitcoin
https://github.com/bitcoin/bitcoin
https://www.reddit.com/r/Bitcoin/
https://facebook.com/bitcoins
https://twitter.com/bitcoin

Bitcoin is an innovative payment network and a new kind of money.

Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority or banks; managing transactions and the issuing of bitcoins is carried out collectively by the network. Bitcoin is open-source; its design is public, nobody owns or controls Bitcoin and everyone can take part. Through many of its unique properties, Bitcoin allows exciting uses that could not be covered by any previous payment system.

Fast peer-to-peer transactions
Worldwide payments
Low processing fees

The concept of Bitcoin (BTC) was originally proposed by Nakamoto in 2009. Its open source software, designed according to Nakamoto’s ideas, is also a P2P network. Bitcoin is a digital currency in the form of P2P. Peer-to-peer transmission means a decentralized payment system.

Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency, without a central bank or single administrator, that can be sent from user to user on the peer-to-peer bitcoin network without the need for intermediaries.

Is BTC a safe investment?
First things first: The money you put into Bitcoin is not safe from value fluctuations. Bitcoin is a volatile investment. If you’re looking for a “safe” investment with guaranteed returns, then don’t invest in Bitcoin — or any cryptocurrencies for that matter.

Satoshi Nakamoto is the name used by the presumed pseudonymous person or persons who developed bitcoin, authored the bitcoin white paper, and created and deployed bitcoin’s original reference implementation. As part of the implementation, Nakamoto also devised the first blockchain database.

Bitcoin’s source code repository on GitHub lists more than 750 contributors, with some of the key ones being Wladimir J. van der Laan, Marco Falke, Pieter Wuille, Gavin Andresen, Jonas Schnelli and others.

How many Satoshi Makes 1 BTC? 100 million satoshis
The satoshi to bitcoin ratio is 100 million satoshis to one bitcoin.

Crypto Wallets
The most popular wallets for cryptocurrency include both hot and cold wallets. Cryptocurrency wallets vary from hot wallets and cold wallets. Hot wallets are able to be connected to the web, while cold wallets are used for keeping large amounts of coins outside of the internet. Some of the top crypto cold wallets are Trezor, Ledger and CoolBitX. Some of the top crypto hot wallets include Exodus, Electrum and Mycelium.

Where Can You Buy Bitcoin (BTC)?
Bitcoin is, in many regards, almost synonymous with cryptocurrency, which means that you can buy Bitcoin on virtually every crypto exchange — both for fiat money and other cryptocurrencies. Some of the main markets where BTC trading is available are:
Binance
Coinbase Pro
OKEx
Kraken
Huobi Global
Bitfinex

2.Ethereum (ETH)

Popular Cryptocurrency

Rank #2
site:www.ethereum.org
Explorers :https://etherscan.io
Community :
https://forum.ethereum.org
https://github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum
https://twitter.com/ethereum
https://reddit.com/r/ethereum

Ethereum is the community-run technology powering the cryptocurrency ether (ETH) and thousands of decentralized applications.
Ethereum is a decentralized, open-source blockchain with smart contract functionality. Ether is the native cryptocurrency of the platform. Among cryptocurrencies, Ether is second only to Bitcoin in market capitalization. Ethereum was conceived in 2013 by programmer Vitalik Buterin.

What is Ethereum?

Ethereum is a technology that’s home to digital money, global payments, and applications. The community has built a booming digital economy, bold new ways for creators to earn online, and so much more. It’s open to everyone, wherever you are in the world – all you need is the internet.
Ethereum is a decentralized open-source blockchain system that features its own cryptocurrency, Ether. ETH works as a platform for numerous other cryptocurrencies, as well as for the execution of decentralized smart contracts.

Ethereum was first described in a 2013 whitepaper by Vitalik Buterin. Buterin, along with other co-founders, secured funding for the project in an online public crowd sale in the summer of 2014. The project team managed to raise $18.3 million in Bitcoin, and Ethereum’s price in the Initial Coin Offering (ICO) was $0.311, with over 60 million Ether sold. Taking Ethereum’s price now, this puts the return on investment (ROI) at an annualized rate of over 270%, essentially almost quadrupling your investment every year since the summer of 2014.

The Ethereum Foundation officially launched the blockchain on July 30, 2015, under the prototype codenamed “Frontier.” Since then, there has been several network updates — “Constantinople” on Feb. 28, 2019, “Istanbul” on Dec. 8, 2019, “Muir Glacier” on Jan. 2, 2020, “Berlin” on April 14, 2021, and most recently on Aug. 5, 2021, the “London” hard fork.

Ethereum’s own purported goal is to become a global platform for decentralized applications, allowing users from all over the world to write and run software that is resistant to censorship, downtime and fraud.

Ethereum 2.0

In 2022, Ethereum plans to switch to proof-of-stake with its Ethereum 2.0 update. This switch has been in the Ethereum roadmap since the network’s inception and would see a new consensus mechanism, as well as introduce sharding as a scaling solution. The current Ethereum chain will become the Beacon Chain and serve as a settlement layer for smart contract interactions on other chains.

In late 2021, Ethereum’s Arrow Glacier update was delayed to June 2022. Until then, Vitalik Buterin expects the road to the network’s endgame to be shaped by optimistic rollups and Zk-rollups.

3.BNB(BNB)

site:https://www.binance.com
Explorers : https://explorer.binance.org
https://github.com/binance-exchange/binance-official-api-docs
https://twitter.com/binance
https://reddit.com/r/binance

BNB is the cryptocurrency coin that powers the BNB Chain ecosystem. As one of the world’s most popular utility tokens, not only can you trade BNB like any other cryptocurrency, you can also use BNB in a wide range of applications and use cases.Use BNB to pay for goods and services, settle transaction fees on Binance Smart Chain, participate in exclusive token sales and more.
BNB uses an Auto-Burn system to reduce its total supply to 100,000,000 BNB. The BNB Auto-Burn mechanism adjusts the amount of BNB to be burned based on BNB’s price and the number of blocks generated on BNB Smart Chain (BSC) during the quarter. This offers greater transparency and predictability to the BNB community.
BNB lost in eligible cases can also be reimbursed through the BNB Pioneer Burn Program. This counts users’ lost coins towards the official burn count and reimburses them with BNB.
BNB additionally uses a real-time burning mechanism based on gas fees. A fixed ratio of the gas fee collected is burned in each block, with the ratio decided by BSC validators.

Launched in July 2017, Binance is the biggest cryptocurrency exchange globally based on daily trading volume. Binance aims to bring cryptocurrency exchanges to the forefront of financial activity globally. The idea behind Binance’s name is to show this new paradigm in global finance — Binary Finance, or Binance.

Aside from being the largest cryptocurrency exchange globally, Binance has launched a whole ecosystem of functionalities for its users. The Binance network includes the Binance Chain, Binance Smart Chain, Binance Academy, Trust Wallet and Research projects, which all employ the powers of blockchain technology to bring new-age finance to the world. BNB is an integral part of the successful functioning of many of the Binance sub-projects.

There is an initial maximum supply of 200,000,000 BNB coins, of which 168,137,036 are currently in circulation as of September 2021.

4.Cardano (ADA)

site:https://www.cardano.org
Explorers :https://explorer.cardano.org , https://cardanoscan.io
Source code :https://cardanoupdates.com
Community :
https://t.me/CardanoAnnouncements
https://twitter.com/cardano
https://reddit.com/r/cardano
https://forum.cardano.org/

Cardano is a blockchain platform for changemakers, innovators, and visionaries, with the tools and technologies required to create possibility for the many, as well as the few, and bring about positive global change.
Cardano is a proof-of-stake blockchain platform: the first to be founded on peer-reviewed research and developed through evidence-based methods. It combines pioneering technologies to provide unparalleled security and sustainability to decentralized applications, systems, and societies.

Cardano is a public blockchain platform. It is open-source and decentralized, with consensus achieved using proof of stake. It can facilitate peer-to-peer transactions with its internal cryptocurrency, ADA. Cardano was founded in 2015 by Ethereum co-founder Charles Hoskinson

Cardano brings a new standard in technology – open and inclusive – to challenge the old and activate a new age of sustainable, globally-distributed innovation.

Cardano was founded back in 2017, and named after the 16th century Italian polymath Gerolamo Cardano. The native ADA token takes its name from the 19th century mathematician Ada Lovelace, widely regarded as the world’s first computer programmer. The ADA token is designed to ensure that owners can participate in the operation of the network. Because of this, those who hold the cryptocurrency have the right to vote on any proposed changes to the software.

The team behind the layered blockchain say that there have already been some compelling use cases for its technology, which aims to allow decentralized apps and smart contracts to be developed with modularity.
In August 2021, Charles Hoskinson announced the launch of the Alonzo hard fork, causing Cardano price to surge, gaining 116% in the following month. On Sept. 12, 2021, the Cardano ‘Alonzo’ hard fork officially launched, bringing smart contract functionality to the blockchain. Over 100 smart contracts were deployed in the following 24 hours after the launch.

5.Solana (SOL)

site: https://solana.com
Explorers : https://explorer.solana.com , https://solanabeach.io
Source code :https://github.com/solana-labs
Community :
https://forums.solana.com
https://twitter.com/solana
https://reddit.com/r/solana

Solana is a decentralized blockchain built to enable scalable, user-friendly apps for the world.Solana is the fastest blockchain in the world and the fastest growing ecosystem in crypto, with thousands of projects spanning DeFi, NFTs, Web3 and more.Solana ensures composability between ecosystem projects by maintaining a single global state as the network scales. Never deal with fragmented Layer 2 systems or sharded chains.Not only is Solana ultra-fast and low cost, it is censorship resistant. Meaning, the network will remain open for applications to run freely and transactions will never be stopped.

Solana is a public blockchain platform with smart contract functionality. Its native cryptocurrency is SOL. Solana claims to offer faster transaction times and lower costs than its main competitor, Ethereum.

Solana is a highly functional open source project that banks on blockchain technology’s permissionless nature to provide decentralized finance (DeFi) solutions. While the idea and initial work on the project began in 2017, Solana was officially launched in March 2020 by the Solana Foundation with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Solana protocol is designed to facilitate decentralized app (DApp) creation. It aims to improve scalability by introducing a proof-of-history (PoH) consensus combined with the underlying proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus of the blockchain.
The Solana Foundation has announced that a total of 489 million SOL tokens will be released in circulation. At the moment, about 260 million of these have already entered the market.The SOL token distribution is as follows: 16.23% went towards an initial seed sale, 12.92% of tokens were dedicated to a founding sale, 12.79% of SOL coins were distributed among team members and 10.46% of tokens were given to the Solana Foundation. The remaining tokens were already released for public and private sales or are still to be released to the market.

6.Polkadot (DOT)

site: https://polkadot.network
Explorers : http://polkascan.io , https://polkastats.io
Source code :https://github.com/paritytech/polkadot
Community :
https://twitter.com/Polkadot
https://reddit.com/r/dot

Polkadot enables cross-blockchain transfers of any type of data or asset, not just tokens. Connecting to Polkadot gives you the ability to interoperate with a wide variety of blockchains in the Polkadot network.Polkadot provides unprecedented economic scalability by enabling a common set of validators to secure multiple blockchains. Polkadot provides transactional scalability by spreading transactions across multiple parallel blockchains.Create a custom blockchain in minutes using the Substrate framework. Connect your chain to Polkadot and get interoperability and security from day one. This ease of development helps Polkadot’s network grow.
The DOT token serves three distinct purposes: governance over the network, staking and bonding.

Polkadot is an open source, blockchain platform and cryptocurrency that allows for distributed computing. The network uses a proof of stake consensus algorithm. The protocol used, Blind Assignment for Blockchain Extension, is derived from Ouroboros.

Polkadot is an open-source project founded by the Web3 Foundation.Web3 Foundation has commissioned five teams and over 100 developers to build Polkadot.
Polkadot is an open-source sharded multichain protocol that connects and secures a network of specialized blockchains, facilitating cross-chain transfer of any data or asset types, not just tokens, thereby allowing blockchains to be interoperable with each other. Polkadot was designed to provide a foundation for a decentralized internet of blockchains, also known as Web3.
Polkadot is known as a layer-0 metaprotocol because it underlies and describes a format for a network of layer 1 blockchains known as parachains (parallel chains). As a metaprotocol, Polkadot is also capable of autonomously and forklessly updating its own codebase via on-chain governance according to the will of its token holder community.
Polkadot provides a foundation to support a decentralized web, controlled by its users, and to simplify the creation of new applications, institutions and services.

7.Dogecoin (DOGE)

site: http://dogecoin.com
Explorers : http://dogechain.info/chain/Dogecoin , https://doge.tokenview.com
Source code : https://github.com/dogecoin/dogecoin
Community :
https://twitter.com/dogecoin
https://reddit.com/r/dogecoin

Dogecoin is an open source peer-to-peer digital currency, favored by Shiba Inus worldwide.
THE FUN AND FRIENDLY INTERNET CURRENCY: Dogecoin sets itself apart from other digital currencies with an amazing, vibrant community made up of friendly folks just like you.
WHAT’S WITH DOGECOIN AND THE DOG? “Doge” is our fun, friendly mascot! The Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed of dog that was popularized as an online meme and represents Dogecoin.

Dogecoin is a cryptocurrency created by software engineers Billy Markus and Jackson Palmer, who decided to create a payment system as a “joke”, making fun of the wild speculation in cryptocurrencies at the time. It is considered both the first “meme coin”, and, more specifically, the first “dog coin”

Dogecoin (DOGE) is based on the popular “doge” Internet meme and features a Shiba Inu on its logo. The open-source digital currency was created by Billy Markus from Portland, Oregon and Jackson Palmer from Sydney, Australia, and was forked from Litecoin in December 2013. Dogecoin’s creators envisaged it as a fun, light-hearted cryptocurrency that would have greater appeal beyond the core Bitcoin audience, since it was based on a dog meme. Tesla CEO Elon Musk posted several tweets on social media that Dogecoin is his favorite coin.
Dogecoin differs from Bitcoin’s proof-of-work protocol in several ways, one of which is by using Scrypt technology. The altcoin has also a block time of 1 minute, and the total supply is uncapped, which means that there is no limit to the number of Dogecoin that can be mined. You can mine Dogecoin either solo, or by joining a mining pool. A Doge miner can mine the digital currency on Windows, Mac or Linux, and with a GPU.

Popular Cryptocurrency

Other Popular Cryptocurrency in 2021 and 2022 :

XRP (XRP ) :Ripple is a real-time gross settlement system, currency exchange and remittance network created by Ripple Labs Inc., a US-based technology company.

Terra (LUNA ) : Terra is a blockchain protocol that uses fiat-pegged stablecoins to power price-stable global payments systems. According to its white paper, Terra combines the price stability and wide adoption of fiat currencies with the censorship-resistance of Bitcoin (BTC) and offers fast and affordable settlements.

Avalanche (AVAX) : Avalanche is a decentralized, open-source proof of stake blockchain with smart contract functionality. AVAX is the native cryptocurrency of the platform.

Shiba Inu (SHIB) : According to the SHIBA INU website, SHIB is the “DOGECOIN KILLER” and is listed on their own ShibaSwap, a DEX. Shiba Inu coin was created anonymously in August 2020 under the pseudonym “Ryoshi.” Ryoshi says about himself that he is a nobody and not important and that the efforts to unmask his identity, even if successful, would be underwhelming.Shiba Inu token is a decentralized cryptocurrency created in August 2020 by an anonymous person or group known as “Ryoshi”

 

stablecoin ? stable-value cryptocurrency that mirrors the price of the U.S. dollar.

Popular stablecoin Cryptocurrency in 2021 and 2022 :

Tether (USDT)
USD Coin (USDC)
Binance USD (BUSD)
TerraUSD (UST)
Dai (DAI)

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Shiba Inu token is a decentralized cryptocurrency created in August 2020 by an anonymous person or group known as “Ryoshi”.It is a meme coin launched as a rival of Dogecoin or “Doge-Killer”.Well, Shiba Inu has been one of the best performing cryptocurrencies of 2021. It is still one of the top #15 largest cryptocurrencies by […]

In 2009, the first decentralized cryptocurrency, bitcoin, was created by presumably pseudonymous developer Satoshi Nakamoto. It used SHA-256, a cryptographic hash function, in its proof-of-work scheme.In April 2011, Namecoin was created as an attempt at forming a decentralized DNS, which would make internet censorship very difficult. Soon after, in October 2011, Litecoin was released. It […]

A currency in the most specific sense is money in any form when in use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins. A more general definition is that a currency is a system of money in common use, especially for people in a nation. Digital currency is any currency, money, […]

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